Maharatna PSUs and their recruitment process through the GATE

Posted by under General on January 12, 2019

Maharatna PSUs like GAIL, IOCL, BPCL, HPCL, etc. recruit through the GATE. These PSUs publush advertisements through various media for recruitment. For applying to through their website, registration for the GATE for that particular year is mandatory.

Criteria to become Maharatna company:-
The Central Public Sector Enterprises fulfilling the following criteria are eligible to be considered for grant of Maharatna status.
1. The CPSE should already be a Navratna company.
2. The CPSE should have average annual turnover of more than Rs. 25,000 crore, during the last 3 years.
3. The CPSE’s average annual net profit after tax should be more than Rs. 5,000 crore, during the last 3 years.
4. The CPSE should be listed on Indian Stock exchange with minimum prescribed public shareholding under SEBI regulations.
5. The CPSE should have average annual net worth of more than Rs. 15,000 crore, during the last 3 years.
6. The CPSE should have significant presence globally.


Eligible GATE Stream

Age Limit

Pay scale


Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited(BHEL) ME/EE/EC/CE/CS/IN 27-32 70k-80k per month
Steel Authority of India Limited(SAIL) CS/CE/EE/EC/IN/ME and ceramics 30-35 60k-70k per month
Coal India Limited (CIL) ME, CE, EE, ECE & Industrial Engg. 27-33 70k-80k per month
Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) EE/EC/IN/CS/CE/ME/CH/MT/PE/XE 26-31 70k-80k per month
National Thermal Power Corporation(NTPC) ME/EE/EC/CE/CS/IN 27-33 70k-80k per month
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation(ONGC) CH/CE/CS/IN/EE/EC/ME/GG/PE 28-35 70k-80k per month
Gas Authority of India Limited(GAIL) EE/EC/ME/CS/IN/CH 28-33 70k-80k per month
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) ME 25-30 50k-60k per month

Recruitment: CL, BHEL, PGCIL, BEL, DDA etc. companies are considering GATE SCORE for their Recruitment. Generally, PSU’s Companies short list 2.5 to 3.5 times number of candidates for the interview process after GATE Exam result.Manny PSU’s are also conducting their own written exam for their recruitment.

Written test:

PSU’s also conduct their own written exam for their recruitment.

The written test consists of two papers- Technical and Aptitude. The questions of the Technical test depend on the discipline chosen among the six disciplines. The six disciplines are Electrical, Mechanical, Civil, Control and Instrumentation and HR & Finance.

Technical Question Paper Aptitude Question Paper
120 questions 50 questions
0.25 marks negative marking 0.25 marks negative marking
EE/EC/ME/CE/EI branches (any one) Common to all branches

Different PSUs have different ways of conducting the written test.

The number of questions in the Technical Test is 120 and that in the Aptitude Test is 50. The questions are of multiple choice types and time allotted is 2 hours. The questions are not very tough but time management is an important issue. Maximum number of questions should be answered for getting a chance, but it should also be remembered that there is a negative marking of 1/4th mark for every wrong answer.

The aptitude test questions do not belong to any specific stream. They consists general questions like Synonyms, Antonyms, Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word, Word Analogies, Comprehension Passages. There can be some questions on problem solving skills. The problems are on topics like time and distance, profit and loss, ratio and proportion etc.

The written test may also be followed by GD / PI and HR rounds depending upon the company you have applied to.

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